“The Ludlow Massacre”


Faced with a strike, the mine owners drive the workers from their (company-owned) homes. The National Guard moves in and kills thirteen children by fires and guns. Since President and Governor cannot not stop the guard, fighting continues

Historical references

  • Sept 1913 - Beginning of the strike by coal workers against John D. Rockefeller's Colorado Iron and Fuel Co.
  • April 1914 - A state militia company (actually composed of company thugs) attacks the Ludlow colony of strikers using machine guns and coal oil. 21 people die, including two women and thirteen children; three strikers are taken and murdered. Eventually federal troops are called in


  • Woody Guthrie, "Ludlow Massacre" (Asch 360, 1945; on on AmHist2, Struggle2)


  1. Scott-BoA, pp. 279-281, "The Ludlow Massacre" (1 text, 1 tune)
  2. Greenway-AFP, pp. 152-154, "Ludlow Massacre" (1 text, 1 tune)
  3. Silber-FSWB, p. 134, "The Ludlow Massacre" (1 text)
  5. BI, SBoA279


Author: Woody Guthrie
Earliest date: 1945 (recording, Woody Guthrie)